This defines any change in the regularity or volume of the periods.
This could be due to hormonal or anatomic factors. It is important
that patients presenting with this symptom are further evaluated
to rule out endometrial pathology.
Lack of periods for at least 3 months in a woman who has previously
menstruated. The cause could be physiological or pathological like
in hypothyroidism (decreased levels of thyroid hormone) or hyperprolactinemia
(increased levels of hormone of lactation)
This is a procedure typically performed in the second trimester,
that involves removal of a small amount of fluid from around the
baby which is then submitted for a variety of biochemical and genetic
Pain present for 3 or more months it could be gynecological or non-gynecological
in origin. Diagnosis and treatment could be challenging and often
entails a multidisciplinary approach.
70% of females and males of reproductive age group use one form
of birth control or the other. Newer techniques, like the patch,
and the Nuva ring have been widely accepted and the options keep
These are smooth muscle tumors of the uterus which are benign in
nature. They tend to occur mainly towards the end of the reproductive
life and usually present with heavy periods. They are more common
in black females.
The glucose challenge test is offered between 24-28 week of gestation
and screens mum for gestational diabetes.
Involuntary loss of urine which has become a social or hygienic
problem. There are usually 4 types: stress, urge, mixed, and overflow
The permanent cessation of periods usually occurring between 40-55
years of age. This is a normal physiological process that heralds
decrease in ovarian function and reduction in hormones (Estrogen
This stands for Non Stress Test, which is a graphic recording of
the fetal heart rate. More like an EKG in an adult.
This is characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration
of bone tissue, with a consequent increase in bone fragility and
susceptibility to fracture. 40% of women ages 50 yrs and above will
suffer from osteoporosis related fracture.
Sexually transmitted diseases have posed a major public health concern
particularly since HIV was discovered. The ease of transmission
and spread of these STD’s in the younger age group have become
the challenge of our health care systems.
This is a simple maternal blood test that screens the baby for chromosomal
anomalies and open neural tube defects (spinabifida).
This constitutes one of the most common presenting symptoms in a
gynecological practice. Vaginal discharge could be physiological
or pathological. Further microscopic or laboratory examination is
often needed to clarify its nature.
Colposcopy is a detailed examination of your cervix
and vagina as viewed through a magnifying glass similar to a set
of binoculars. Most colposcopies are performed for abnormal pap
smears. Just because a pap smear is read as abnormal, though, does
not mean that cancer is present.
A colposcopic examination takes ten to fifteen minutes. It is performed
in the same manner as a routine gynecologic examination. When performing
a Colopscopy, I am looking to see why your pap smear came back abnormal.
If I see areas that may be the cause of your abnormal pap smear,
I may take a small sample so that the tissue can be evaluated more
Almost all patients are able to return to their routine activities
immediately following the colposcope.
is a technique that uses freezing to destroy abnormal epithelium.
Biopsy entails putting a small flexible tube through your
cervix and using suction to derive a piece of endometrial lining.
The major indication for an Endometrial Biopsy is abnormal or irregular
uterine bleeding. If you have irregular menstrual periods or if
you are menopausal and have started bleeding, the Endometrial Biopsy
helps the doctor evaluate the lining (endometrium) of your uterus.
The tissue will be sent to a pathologist who will look at it under
There is no need for any preparations for an Endometrial Biopsy.
It can be done at any time during your menstrual cycle. If you would
like, you may take a mild pain reliever before and after the biopsy
to relieve cramps that may occur.
is a procedure that uses a hot wire to excise areas of abnormalities
on the cervix